At one time in the 1920s, global firms desired to purchase land near Gullfoss, in the southwestern quarter of Iceland, as well as build a hydroelectric plant there. As a protest she strolled all the method to Reykjavík and also even threatened to toss herself over the falls if the sale went through. Iceland’s views have been formed by fire as well as ice: it is a frozen land that is always letting off heavy steam. About 80 percentages of Iceland’s land is lava desert, glaciers or lakes; the only cultivable areas are on the shore. Till lately, the Tómasdóttir story was a one-off. Icelanders have actually been so utilized to having clean air, clean water, clean whatever that they hardly discovered when these wonderful assets were threatened.
The colossal $3 billion Kárahnjúkar dam, as a result of be completed this year, will certainly submerge under 150 meters of water a hitherto unblemished 57 square km of wilderness, boasting gushing rivers, rumbling falls, multicolored mountains as well as mossy highlands ablaze with flowers. The project, made solely to drive a lightweight aluminum smelter better down the valley at Reydalfjordur, has government assistance as well as will be paid for by Landsvirkjun, the national power company. The hydroelectricity it produces is acquired for sale for half a century to the American aluminum titan Alcoa, which is shutting 2 smelters in the United States and also moving to Iceland as a cost-cutting measure.
Yet an activity called Saving Iceland, a union of groups opposing further development, is up in arms. The area of the dam is just one of the primary reproduction grounds for reindeer. It is a secured nesting ground for countless pink footed geese and a favorite haunt of the snowy owl, ptarmigan and the magnificent gyrfalcon. The rock developments red, black as well as all colors of the rainbow are a distinct record of 10,000 years of geological as well as weather modification, providing ideas to scientists worldwide, examining, to name a few things, worldwide warming. All this is to vanish under water. The ecological effect of the task spreads much broader compared to this highland wilderness and the arm ice cave tour in Iceland. Various other rivers will be disrupted, the environment of animals such as seals will certainly be ruined and an officially protected area, Kringilsarrani, will be damaged. Lots of rock hounds are afraid tragic flooding could arise from regular Antarctic surges and also eruptions in Kárahnjúkar catchment area. They additionally doubt the wisdom of constructing a massive dam on a substructure compromised by geothermal crevices.